Wide Voltage Input DC-DC Power Converter

Technology #32255

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An illustration of the gain curve exhibited by the power converter shown from results of the present invention
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Researchers
Haibing Hu, Ph.D.
Issa Batarseh, Ph.D.
Xiang Fang
Zheng Shen, Ph.D.
Managed By
Raju Nagaiah
Licensing Associate 407.882.0593
Patent Protection

Resonant power converter having switched series transformer

US Patent 9,130,462

This modified LLC resonant DC-DC converter achieves high power efficiency for wide input voltage applications, which improves the widely used resonant converter topology and maximizes performance for PV panels or any wide voltage converters.


There is high demand for DC-DC power conversion across a wide variety of applications including, solar and wind power generation, consumer electronics, and defense. Current DC-DC converters consist of a switching network for receiving an unregulated input voltage that is coupled to a resonant circuit including a capacitor, inductor, and a single transformer that drives an output capacitor. However, achieving peak gain results in a smaller inductance index that leads to increased conduction loss and thus lower overall efficiency.

Advantages

Compared to previous methods for wide input converter applications, this wide voltage input DC-DC power converter from UCF improves power efficiency and narrows operating frequency variation, which can help to increase the power density. This resonant power converter provides both high DC gain and high power conversion efficiency, while also maintaining a wide input voltage (Vin) range. The design method provides a straightforward and effective way to choose the converter parameter, which can be easily adopted and utilized for general LLC design.

Technical Details

This multi-transformer LLC resonant power converter has two transformers in series with one switched transformer that adaptively changes the magnetizing inductance (Lm) based on the Vin to provide different operation configurations. With this converter, the added transformer T2 can be enabled or disabled by controlling the bidirectional switch, S5 and S6, parallel to it. In addition, the converter can be designed to operate in two modes with different Lm value. For Vin below a certain threshold voltage (Vth), T2 is disabled and the operation of the converter is the same as the conventional LLC. For Vin above Vth, T2 is enabled, and the equivalent Lm is increased from Lm1 to Lm1+Lm2 so that the converter has lower gain and can keep the circulating current low.

Benefits

  • High DC gain
  • High power conversion efficiency
  • Wide voltage input

Applications

  • PV panels
  • Wide voltage input converters
  • Solar and wind power generation
  • Consumer electronics
  • Defense